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    Haihua
    Analysis on the development of aluminum profile industry in 2018
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    In 2017, China's aluminum profile production increased, and the capacity utilization rate of major aluminum profile enterprises continued to decline

    According to the analysis report on market demand forecast and investment strategic planning of China's aluminum profile industry in 2018-2023 issued by prospective industry research institute, in 2017, there were 1829 aluminum calendering and processing enterprises in China. From the perspective of the operation of major aluminum profile enterprises in China, in 2017, the capacity utilization rate of major aluminum profile enterprises in China continued to decline, the output declined and the inventory decreased.

    Figure 1: production scale of aluminum profiles in China from 2012 to 2017 (unit: home)

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    Source: collected by prospective industry Research Institute of National Bureau of Statistics

    According to the survey conducted by chinalco.com on 150 aluminum profile enterprises in China in December 2017, the capacity utilization rate of aluminum profile enterprises in December was 55.70%, down 3.11% month on month, the capacity utilization rate continued to decline, and the off-season market was prominent; the output of aluminum profile products of 150 sample enterprises in December was 526200 tons, down 0.96% month on month, the inventory of finished aluminum profile products at the end of December was 13.88%, and the inventory of raw materials decreased month on month 14.17% less.

    From the perspective of enterprise scale, the capacity utilization ratio of enterprises of different scales has declined to different degrees. The capacity utilization ratio of large and medium-sized enterprises with capacity between 50000 and 100000 tons has the smallest decline on a month on month basis, with a decline of only 0.16%; while the decline of super large enterprises with capacity greater than 100000 tons is also controlled within 1%, which is mainly affected by the off-season of the industry, the slowdown of real estate investment growth, etc., and the output is all lower However, in 2017, another special situation was that some orders from small factories with environmental protection qualification not up to standard were sent to large enterprises, supporting the start-up of large enterprises.

    Chart 2: monitoring of monthly capacity utilization rate of aluminum profiles in 2017 (unit: 10000 tons,%)

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    Source: collected by prospective industry Research Institute of National Bureau of Statistics

    According to the annual production change of aluminum profiles in China, the cumulative production of aluminum profiles in China has been growing steadily in recent years. According to the data of the National Bureau of statistics, the cumulative production of aluminum products in China in 2017 was 58.324 million tons.

    Figure 3: production scale of aluminum profiles in China from 2010 to 2017 (unit: 10000 tons)

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    Source: collected by prospective industry Research Institute of National Bureau of Statistics

    In terms of output by province, Henan, Shandong and Guangdong are in the top three, with output of 12.1249 million tons, 10.6658 million tons and 5.384 million tons, respectively. Only two provinces have output of more than 10 million tons. In addition, the output of Jiangsu, Guangxi, Zhejiang, Hunan and Inner Mongolia is higher than 2 million tons, and the output of enterprises in six provinces and cities is more than 2 million tons. There are 5 provinces and cities with a production of 1-2 million tons, and the production of the other 16 provinces and cities are all lower than 1 million tons.

    Figure 4: production of aluminum processing materials in 29 provinces and cities in 2017 (unit: 10000 tons)

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    Source: collected by prospective industry Research Institute of National Bureau of Statistics

    China's new aluminum imports are still at a high level, and the domestic aluminum industry gradually breaks through the technical encirclement

    In recent years, with the rapid development of China's large-scale infrastructure investment and industrialization process, China's aluminum profile industry has developed rapidly, with the continuous improvement of production scale and product quality, and the output and consumption of the whole industry are growing rapidly. As a result, the number of imported aluminum began to decrease, but still maintained at a high level. Especially in the aspect of high-end aluminum alloy, it is basically monopolized by Alcoa, Alcan, Cruz aluminum and Japanese light metal companies. From the perspective of China's aluminum profile import regions in 2017 and the first two months of 2018, Japan, the United States, Russia and Germany are the largest aluminum profile importers in China.

    Figure 5: Top 10 aluminum profile importing countries in 2017 (unit: kg, USD)

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    Source: collected by prospective industry Research Institute of General Administration of Customs

    Figure 6: Top 10 aluminum profile import countries in China from January to February 2018 (unit: kg, USD)

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    Source: collected by prospective industry Research Institute of General Administration of Customs

    The dependence of domestic high-performance aluminum on imports is closely related to the relatively backward manufacturing technology of China's high-performance aluminum alloy, and the key production technology of this high-tech content and high value-added product has been regarded as the core technology secret by the United States, Europe and other industrial developed countries, and is strictly blocked.

    Taking aviation aluminum as an example, aluminum technology in China is relatively weak. At present, the aluminum lithium alloy mainly used in C919 aircraft accounts for about 65% of the total aircraft materials, while the domestic materials account for a relatively low proportion and mainly rely on imports. In general, China has about 24 kinds of metal materials that need to be imported, 17 of which are provided by Japanese enterprises, accounting for 70.8%.

    However, in recent years, China's leading aluminum group has gradually broken through the technical siege. In December 2016, after nearly 10 years of research and development and special research, Chinalco Southwest Aluminum finally became the first enterprise in China to fully master the production technology of high strength and high toughness 7050 aluminum alloy pre stretched thick plate. The successful R & D and application of this technology has completely broken the blockade of manufacturing technology in key areas of China by western countries for a long time, and made China's relevant manufacturing technology water enter the international advanced ranks.

    Zhongwang group is also actively exploring the field of aluminum for aerospace. Aiming at the specifications, characteristics and strict quality requirements of aluminum profiles, it launched the research and development project of "7075 aviation extrusion bar".

    Industry insiders believe that the 13th five year plan for new materials industry proposes to organize application demonstration with new materials with huge market potential and complete industrialization conditions, such as aviation aluminum, carbon fiber composite and high-temperature alloy. There will be an obvious gap in the supply of domestic high-end aluminum, the aluminum industry will usher in a major development opportunity, and the market scale of aviation aluminum is expected to grow rapidly.


    Source: prospective industry research institute by Wu Xiaoyan

    Updated:2018-06-07 | Return
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